SmartCompany, May 25, 2017
The Inspector-General of Taxation says more should be done to chase SMEs that fail to pay their employees’ superannuation, including through “random audits” of businesses by the tax office.
On Wednesday, Ali Nozoori’s review into the ATO’s compliance activities on employer obligations was released to the public, revealing 11 recommendations to “ease the compliance burden particularly for small businesses”.
These include reviewing the tools already available to employers for working out when a staff member should be classed as an employee or contractor. Nozoori also called on the tax office to ensure super entitlements are paid promptly to staff members through measures that include “random audits, to curtail the propagation of non-compliance”.
While Nozoori acknowledges that random audits could expose compliant employers to “unnecessary compliance costs”, he says the ATO could reimburse employers who are found to be doing the right thing.
“Furthermore, such costs and inconveniences should be weighed against the potential disadvantage that the very same compliant employers face if their competitors do not pay SG and remain undetected,” he said in the report.
“It should be noted that, in the long term, random audits may also lead to better targeting of non-compliant taxpayers.”
The issue of unpaid superannuation has been in the spotlight over the past year, with a 2016 report from Industry Super Australia and Cbus estimating unpaid super in 2013-14 reached $3.7 billion.
However, in response to the report, the tax office says it disagrees with the recommendation for random audits.
“Random audits are an untargeted approach that imposes unnecessary costs and time burdens on compliant taxpayers. Investment in random audits would be at the expense of more effective and beneficial approaches,” the ATO said.
Experts have previously told SmartCompany that the costs of non-compliance on this front can be significant even if you are responsible for your own super and fail to pay this yourself.
Meanwhile, small business groups and accountants say there remains confusion in the SME community about when business owners are required to pay employees super, and when individuals should be classed as contractors or ongoing staff members.
Nozoori’s report agrees more can be done to help small businesses decide when a staff member should be classed as a contractor and when they are an employee.
The report says the costs associated with seeking professional advice in this area can be “prohibitive”, and mis-classification of workers can cause big problems down the line because “where workers are misclassified, intentionally or otherwise, the ATO may after many years, apply retrospective changes to those relationships resulting in significant unplanned liabilities for businesses which may affect their ongoing viability”.
The report also considers the effectiveness of the tax office’s “Employee/Contractor Decision Tool”, which helps businesses decide how to class workers. Nozoori noted stakeholders called the tool “overly simplistic”.
Australian Small Business and Family Enterprise Ombudsman Kate Carnell says businesses who fail to pay workers super have been in the firing line for some time, and SMEs should expect spot audits to happen.
“It’s a really important message to small businesses to make sure they’re paying on time. To start with, it’s not fair to employees, it’s their money,” Carnell says.